2008 February


by Anton Kramer, Alex Leupen, Jan Scholten
Remedies from the Ericaceae family that are known in homeopathy are: Chim-m, chim, epig, kalm, led, rhod, uva, gaul, oxyd, arbu, manz, vacc-m, chim-rot, arbin, heath-B, callun, andr-g, chamd-c, gaul-h, gay-b, vacc-c, vacc-o, arb-m. Ledum, Kalmia and Rhododendron are the best known. Typical is the lack of a known mental picture.

The plants in this family grow often on poor soil. The heathers are known for their growth in sandy fields.
They contain big quantities of silicates and that’s why they where used as brooms in the past.

Azalea Japonica    

In general these people are not very marked. They avoid to stand in the center of attention and feel better doing their job in a quiet and practical way. But they long for recognition and compliment. But they don’t get them easily, due to the fact that they work in silence and away from the public. In the end they can become bitter about it. An expression of them could be: "I try to do my best, I take little for myself, I give so much, I’m not arrogant, I’m quiet and earnest, work hard and good, overexert myself, try to be good to everyone in my own quiet way and still it’s not good enough, I don’t succeed, I’m not loved or respected."

They work hard and try to do their job as perfect as possible.
After many years they can develop an aversion to work further, especially when they feel that no one appreciates their work.

They often get into trouble when they are living in poverty. They will work hard to try to overcome the money problems. But when they cannot succeed they tend to develop complaints. They worry a lot about not earning enough for their children. They want to give them all they need and tend to spare it out of their own mouth. They often need very little for themselves, as if they have got accustomed to poor circumstances.

They are very sensitive people, sensitive to the needs of others. But also sensitive to noises.

Soft, Mild
In general they are soft, mild. They are not very aggressive.

Family is very important for them. They often do their jobs for the family. Mothers can do a lot for their children.
But they are not very communicative, not very open. They are more practical and reserved.

Dull, concentration difficult, forgetful, confusion, memory weak, thoughts vanishing.
Stupefaction, coma, delirium.

Mind symptoms
Sensitive, oversensitive < noise, < pain; general, shame
Body and thoughts are separated.
Delusion: despised, failure, exposed to rain, poisoned, mocked.
Anxious, many worries, about the family, money.
Sad, morose, sulky, tearful, weepy, displeased, capricious.
Aversion company, friends; <- answering, slow answering.
Amorous dreams + pollutions. Fear man.
Dreams frightful, murder, troublesome.
Mild, yielding.
Work aversion.
Fear failure, falling.



Lyme disease
Lyme disease is a typical expression for this family. (see the chapters below)

Headache < motion, touch;
bones, skull, vertex, forehead, eyes above, occiput, sides, temples, brain
pressing, tearing, hot, heavy, loose
Eyes inflammation, itching, burning, pain
Vision; COLORS before the eyes, weak.
Nose coryza, obstruction, sneezing
Mouth: pain, dry, burning, salivation,
Taste: bitter. Teeth weak, crumbling
Larynx & trachea: tickling, scraping, hoarse.
Respiration: asthmatic.
Heart: pain, palpitation.
Stomach; nausea, vomiting, pain, retching, eructation
Abdomen: pain, rumbling, noises, distension, liver pain.
Rectum: constipation, diarrhea
Bladder: cystitis, urethritis, gonorrhoea, nefritis, ureteritis, pain, neck, < urge.
Urging (3), dribbling
Urination frequent, less, burning pain urethra.
Prostatitis, prostate enlarged
Testis pain, penis itching,
Urine: albuminous, bloody, green, pale, red, yellow, profuse, scanty, sediment, calculi, sand.
Uric acid diathesis, stones.
Vaginitis, leucorrhea.
Menses: frequent, too early, too soon, profuse, painful, dysmenorrhea
Extremities pain, fibromyalgia, stiff, gouty, muscle, joint, bone
All places: sides, ribs, axilla, sternum, chest, mamma, upper limbs, shoulders, upper arms, elbows, forearms, wrists, hands, fingers, fifth, little, sciatic, hips, thighs, knees, hollow of, legs, tibia, calves, ankles, feet, toes, first
Aching, drawing, gouty; joints, pressing, rheumatic; sprained, stitching, tearing, wandering, heavy, tired
Paralytic, wandering
Backache: spine, cervical, dorsal, between scapulae, lumbar
aching, pressing, rheumatic, tearing, stiff.
Dermatitis: red, itching, eczema, herpes, vesicles, crawling, ulcers.


Weather: chilly, < open air, < cold, < wet, < uncovering.
Food: -> drinks, thirsty, -> alcohol.
Physical: < motion, < exertion, < ascending, turning, over lifting, straining of muscles and tendons. > rest
Localisation: left, crosswise.
Abscess, cancer, ulcer, dropsy, faint

Ironseries: hard working, perfectionism.
Silicium: family oriented.

Lyme disease © Will Taylor

Tick Master    

The initial infection with Borrelia burgdorferi is characterized by a local skin eruption that grows circumferentially with central clearing, suggestively termed a target rash. Borrelia can be isolated from this eruption, but is apparently disseminated systemically from the moment of initial infection.

Secondary disease expression is highly individually variable, and Lyme disease is known as a great imposter for its ability to mimic many disease conditions. The most common presentations involve inflammation of the large joints and peripheral nerves. Neurologic and Cardiac complications may follow.

The Group Anamnesis
If we collect the common symptoms of Lyme disease from reports in the conventional medical literature, we can begin to construct a group anamnesis of the disease, in order to identify the most likely remedies for the disease genus.

The classical target-rash of Lyme disease is not described in our homeopathic literature. The closest description we can find is:



— which can reasonably be expected to include remedies capable of covering the erysipelas-like Lyme target rash.

A common early post-rash symptom of Lyme disease is sore throat:

THROAT - PAIN - sore

The Arthralgias
The arthralgias of Lyme most commonly begin with rheumatic pain in the neck, with associated headache:

BACK - PAIN - Cervical region
BACK - PAIN - Cervical region - rheumatic
HEAD - PAIN - rheumatic

Lyme classically presents with a combination of inflammatory arthralgic pains and inflammatory neuralgic complaints:

EXTREMITIES - PAIN - rheumatic
GENERALS - PAIN - neuralgic

The arthralgias focus in the shoulders, hips and knees, and may be of acute and/or chronic nature:

EXTREMITIES - PAIN - Joints - rheumatic
EXTREMITIES - PAIN - Shoulder - rheumatic
EXTREMITIES - PAIN - Hip - rheumatic
EXTREMITIES - PAIN - Knee - rheumatic
EXTREMITIES - PAIN - rheumatic - acute
EXTREMITIES - PAIN - rheumatic - chronic

The Neuralgias
The neuralgias are most typically facial or sciatic:

FACE - PAIN - neuralgic
EXTREMITIES - PAIN - Lower limbs - sciatica

There is a characterizing uniqueness in the concomitance of heart symptoms with the arthralgias and neuralgias, with the potential for inflammatory rheumatic myocarditis and/or pericarditis:

EXTREMITIES - PAIN - Joints - alternating with - Heart symptoms
CHEST - HEART; complaints of the - rheumatism, after
CHEST - PAIN - Heart - rheumatic
CHEST - INFLAMMATION - Heart - Endocardium
CHEST - INFLAMMATION - Heart - Pericardium

An important aspect of the "pace" of Lyme disease, is the migratory nature of its arthralgias/neuralgias, and the rapid change and alternation of symptoms:

GENERALS - PAIN - wandering
GENERALS - CHANGE - symptoms; change of - rapid

We can take these common symptoms of Lyme disease, obtained from the population affected and treated as if of one person; and repertorize this list, to find:

Kalmia and Ledum lead the analysis. Intriguingly, Kalmia latifolia (Mountain Laurel) and Ledum palustre (Labrador Tea) are closely botanically related, both belonging to the botanical family Ericaceae; the Heath family.

Small Remedies

A small-remedies weighting brings up several remedies poorly represented in our literature. Notably, Rhododendron chrysanthum - another Ericaceaid - moves up to 4th position.

The algorithms used in the Vithoulkas Expert System bring out Ledum as the remedy bearing closest similitude to this group anamnesis. Kalmia and Rhododendron make good showings in this analysis as well. Leading the list of "very small remedies" here is Gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen, teaberry) — a fourth member of the Ericaceaid family.

Whereas Ledum may have a slow and long-continued pace (reflected in its presence in PERSPIRATION - LONG-LASTING), these remedies as a group — including Ledum — are characterized by periodic and alternating symptoms. This actually is a rather interesting aspect of the general similitude of this group of remedies to the characteristic pace, or development over time, of Lyme disease.

These studies could productively be extended to investigation of the neurologic and cardiac symptoms of the Ericaceae, in the context of the importance of these pathologies in Lyme disease.

The Missing Pieces
I am particularly fascinated by the missing pieces of the Lyme disease — the Ericaceae connection. What might an adequate proving of Gautheria procumbens bring out? Will the Ericaceaids unknown to our art and science fill in the obvious pathogenetic gaps between the known members of this family?

Anton Kramer, antonkramer@zonnet.nl
Alex Leupten, a.leupen@planet.nl
Jan Scholten, scholten@alonnissos.org

Categories: Theory
Keywords: Ericaeae, poverty, working, worry, Lyme disease, Borrelia burgdorferi


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